Galle Municipal Council is the third Municipal council in Sri Lanka after Colombo and Kandy cities.Galle Municipal Council first Mayor was Mr. W.Dhahanayake he was able to become the 5th Prime minister of SriLanka.The land area of the city is about 16.5km2 and it is bordered by the sea from south & southwest. The city is situated within the wet zone of the country with an average rain fall between 1525-1900 mm per year. It's daily temperature is between 28°C-30°C. In early years the Galle city located along with Natural Harbour made it an important place for the industry. But tourism, fisheries and trade are major sources of income today. Galle City is the one of World Heritage city in SriLanka.The main language of Galle city is Sinhala and the religion is Buddhism.
The population of the Galle municipality area is 112,252 of which 51% are Female and 49% are male. The growth rate of population is 0.75% and 16924 of households are available in the city. The Galle Municipal Council is the main administration authority in the city with 15 wards.It’s represented by 19 councillors. The Galle Municipal Council body is divided into 5 standing committees headed by committee chairman. The council figure is lead by an executive Mayor supported by the Deputy mayor.The committees and the city administration function under the Municipal Act implemented by the Municipal Commissioner. The strength of the public officers in the Galle Municipal council available is 733.
The capital city of the Southern province is the Galle city has the 200 USD$ of annual income per capita, and average of the primary educated people is 94.6% and three (3) cinema theaters are located in the heart of the city. More than 2 medical personals (doctors) can be seen for 1000 people.The Galle Municipality area available more than 6 Government and private hospitals. The mode of transport is bus in ordinary people calculated as 65% and the passengers on foot is 25% and only 10% of the civilians use private vehicles. The numbers of 16924 households use the common water supply (taps) of the Municipality. Only 22% of citizens use domestic wells and 1% of them uses the tube wells & protected wells.But other 0.002% uses the lake water & river water.And the users of water sealed toilets are 77% at the same time a less number use the unprotected toilets.